Study and detection of areas of residential vulnerability in Barcelona

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El Virtual Innovation in Modelling the Architecture and the City Lab (VIMAC) has developed through GIS technology a system of georeferenced indicators that respond to the sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the urban and residential space in neighborhoods of Barcelona.

The aim is to establish conditions of risk, fragility and disadvantage resulting from a combination of social, labour and residential exclusion. These conditions lead to a critical situation of damage or vulnerability.

The multicriteria methodology is based on over 150 indicators, of which the forty most representative are selected and grouped into four areas: socioeconomic, sociospatial, urban development and socio-urban development. For these four areas, a measure of differentiation is established relating to the degree of residential vulnerability of some neighbourhoods compared to others.

The results enable, for the first time, the identification of sectors of Barcelona that struggle to meet conditions of habitability, maintenance and restoration of dwellings. The data were used in the Programme for restoration of highly complex buildings as a criterion to establish priorities in the intervention of management teams in Barcelona City Council’s Neighbourhood Plan, in initial stages of information and assessment./p>

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